The truth behind John Lennon's "happy" quote

13 October 2019, 19:00 | Updated: 13 October 2019, 19:01

John Lennon at his home, Tittenhurst Park, near Ascot, Berkshire, July 1971
John Lennon at his home, Tittenhurst Park, near Ascot, Berkshire, July 1971. Picture: Michael Putland/Getty Images

Did the former Beatle really come up with the inspirational quote that’s all across social media? Radio X investigates....

It’s John Lennon’s birthday on 9 October and to celebrate the life of the late Beatle, many fans share pictures, music and memories of the legendary musician, who was killed aged 40 in 1980.

Lennon was always good for a quote: a great lyricist, he also wrote surrealistic poetry and had a gift for a withering one liner. The man who founded the Beatles was known for his cruel wit and vicious streak of humour.

One of the quotes that is shared on a regular basis whenever someone is recalling the anti-establishment attitude of Lennon is this one:

"When I was 5 years old, my mother always told me that happiness was the key to life. When I went to school, they asked me what I wanted to be when I grew up. I wrote down 'happy'. They told me I didn't understand the assignment, and I told them they didn't understand life."

Pretty cool, right? Very profound. And very typically John Lennon. Or is it?

The lines are reproduced across the internet and social media, almost always with an attribution to Lennon and often with a picture of the man himself. Here’s just a couple of examples.

The question is, did John Lennon actually say it?

Here are the main problems with attributing this much-shared quote to John Lennon.

John Lennon and Yoko Ono in December 1968
John Lennon and Yoko Ono in December 1968. Picture: Susan Wood/Getty Images)

Did John Lennon ever give the quote?

Nobody seems to be able to find a concrete link to an interview that proves that the quote is genuinely from Lennon. A lot of information on the internet is unattributed and is shared and re-shared without checking. Even the self-regulating Wikipedia gets it wrong, even with its rigorous checks.

John Lennon gave thousands of hours of interviews to the press from the early 1960s when the Beatles first broke in Liverpool through to the very day that he died on 8 December 1980. There are literally thousands of other articles in which Lennon was asked about his songwriting, philosophy, politics and other opinions. So why is it almost impossible to find an original source for the “happy” quote?

Every reference to the quote just says “John Lennon” - no year, no publication name, no radio or TV station or any other sources are named.

The hardcore Beatles fans at the Beatles Bible forum - a site that knows what its talking about when it comes to the Fab Four - mulled over the question in 2012 and even they couldn’t come up with a concrete source for the quote.

Even a quick skim through the extensive pages of www.beatlesinterviews.org turns up nothing!

The Beatles launch Sgt Pepper on 19 May 1967
The Beatles launch Sgt Pepper on 19 May 1967. Picture: John Downing/Getty Images

Why is it unlikely that the quote comes from John Lennon?

The first thing to raise the alarm for a Beatle fan when analysing the quote is the mention of Lennon’s mother. One of the most important facts about the life of John Lennon is the sad story of his parents. Lennon was born on 9 October 1940 to Freddie Lennon and Julia Stanley. Lennon senior was away at sea during World War II and went AWOL in February 1944.

By the time Freddie he returned to Liverpool in the summer, Julia had met another man. When John was five, Freddie attempted to take the boy to New Zealand, but in a tragic scene forced the child to choose between his father and his mother. John chose his mother - who then left him in the care of his Aunt Mimi. John then grew up in the home of Mimi and his Uncle George, but over the years, Julia came back into his life until she was killed in a road accident when the future Beatle was just 17.

Nine year old John Lennon poses for a portrait with his mother Julia
Nine year old John Lennon poses for a portrait with his mother Julia. Picture: Jeff Hochberg/Getty Images

This harrowing upbringing makes it quite unlikely that Lennon would fondly recall words his mother gave him aged five - when she was in the process of abandoning him. In fact, Lennon wrote a whole album about the situation - the classic 1970 “Primal Scream” LP, John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band in which the musician sang: “Mother, you had me, but I never had you / I wanted you… You didn't want me.”

Then there’s the matter of the phrase “I didn’t understand the assignment” - the word “assignment” is very much an Americanism. Even if this “assignment” was given to young John at a later period in his school career, it’s hard to imagine a post-War Liverpool teacher giving the kids “assignments”.

It’s difficult to find an example of the quote online that’s not linked to Lennon - but there are a few. Some of the examples replace the word “mother” with “mom” - which again hints at an American source.

John Lennon and Yoko Ono photographed on November 2, 1980
John Lennon and Yoko Ono photographed on November 2, 1980. Picture: Jack Mitchell/Getty Images)

Where else could the quote have come from?

The good people at Quote Investigator are similarly stumped - and verifying quotes is their job. In 2013, the nearest they get to an attribution is that a vaguely similar story was told by actress Goldie Hawn in her autobiography…. but it’s still not exact. Some people claim that an old Peanuts comic strip also used a similar phrase… and that was in 1960.

John Lennon in Selfridges department store, Oxford Street, London in 1971 to promote the publication of the 2nd edition of Yoko Ono's book Grapefruit
John Lennon in Selfridges department store, Oxford Street, London in 1971 to promote the publication of the 2nd edition of Yoko Ono's book Grapefruit. Picture: Gijsbert Hanekroot/Redferns/Getty Images

Why is John Lennon linked to the quote?

It’s likely that the quote has found itself attached to John Lennon over the past decade thanks to social media and the internet. The quote became a Tumblr favourite and there's a post dated 12 November 2008 that includes the quote… minus the link to Lennon. But this list of famous quotes names Lennon as the source and it’s apparently dated 31 January 2001. So who’s right?

It’s not the first time that John Lennon has been misquoted - which, as we said, is strange considering how many genuine quotes are out there.

Earlier this year, Fab historians were able to lay to rest the urban myth that Lennon joked that “Ringo wasn’t even the best drummer in The Beatles” - which apparently came from a Radio 4 comedy!

Read the full story here

Until someone proves the original source of the “Happy” quote, we’re bound to keep seeing John Lennon’s name attached to it… If you know better, get in touch!